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Table 2 Sperm quality parameters

From: Comparison of polymerization and structural behavior of microtubules in rat brain and sperm affected by the extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field

Characteristics Groups  
  Control group (n = 10) ELEF-exposed group (n = 10)
Cauda epididymal sperm number (×  106/epididymis) 182.00 ± 0.58 191.00 ± 0.85
Total motility (%) 74.52 ± 0.97* 83.42 ± 0.67*
Progressive (%) 24.85 ± 1.2* 34.08 ± 0.75*
Non-progressive (%) 49.67 ± 0.21 49.34 ± 0.48
Motion variables
 VCL (μm/s) 83.57 ± 1.42* 127.73 ± 1.38*
 VSL (μm/s) 42.13 ± 1.1* 62.28 ± 1.54*
 VAP (μm/s) 52.07 ± 1.42* 80.21 ± 1.08*
 LIN (%) 54.94 ± 2.32* 71.05 ± 1.42*
 STR (%) 73.08 ± 1.44* 90.50 ± 1.85*
 WOB (%) 63.24 ± 1.14 61.22 ± 1.07
 ALH (μM) 4.17 ± 0.1* 9.29 ± 0.14*
 BCF (Hz) 21.02 ± 1.28* 29.27 ± 1.18*
Other data
 Viability (%) 70.58 ± 1.25* 81.42 ± 1.98*
 Normal morphology (%) 89.76 ± 1.12 93.25 ± 1.54
 Sperm with head defect (%) 4.23 ± 0.46 3.2 ± 0.37
 Sperm with tail defect (%) 6.01 ± 0.52* 3.55 ± 0.12*
  1. Total and progressive motility, and sperm motion variables in the experimental groups. Values are expressed as mean ± SD, * significant at p < 0.05, independent sample t-test